Back to the Disease Index
Results 1 to 10 of 23 articles.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Apr 15, 2013 (Issue 1414)
The FDA has recently approved intradetrusor injection of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox – Allergan) for treatment of overactive bladder in patients who cannot tolerate or have an inadequate response to anticholinergic therapy. Botox is also approved by the FDA for use in detrusor overactivity associated with a neurologic condition such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury, and for chronic migraine, upper limb spasticity, axillary hyperhidrosis, cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, strabismus, and cosmetic reduction of wrinkles.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Feb 18, 2013 (Issue 1410)
Mirabegron (mir a beg’ ron; Myrbetriq [meer BEH trick] – Astellas), a beta-3 adrenergic agonist, has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of overactive bladder. It is the first beta-3 adrenergic agonist to be approved for any indication in the US. Mirabegron has been marketed in Japan since 2011. OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) was also recently approved by the FDA for treatment of overactive bladder and will be reviewed in a future issue.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Feb 06, 2012 (Issue 1383)
Sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis) and vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn) have become the standard treatment for erectile dysfunction. Head-to-head comparisons of these agents are still lacking, but some differences between them and new recommendations for their dosing (see Table 2 on next page) are worth noting.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Nov 14, 2011 (Issue 1377)
The FDA has approved the use of the phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor tadalafil (Cialis – Lilly) for treatment of signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with or without erectile dysfunction. Tadalafil is approved for use under another brand name (Adcirca) for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. The other PDE-5 inhibitors available in the US for treatment of erectile dysfunction (sildenafil [Viagra]; vardenafil [Levitra]) have also been reported to be effective for treatment of BPH signs and symptoms, but have not been approved for this indication by...
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Nov 29, 2010 (Issue 1352)
Renal colic is a common problem in emergency departments. Stones <5 mm in diameter often pass spontaneously; stones >10 mm in diameter generally do not. The usual treatment for stones that do not pass is ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy or shockwave lithotripsy. Some clinicians have suggested that off-label use of an oral alpha-adrenergic blocker such as tamsulosin (Flomax, and others) or calcium channel blocker such as nifedipine (Procardia XL, and others) could be tried first, with or without a corticosteroid. Both adrenoreceptors and calcium channels may have a role in the...
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Feb 08, 2010 (Issue 1331)
The FDA has approved the marketing of a 10% topical gel formulation of the muscarinic receptor antagonist oxybutynin chloride (Gelnique - Watson) for treatment of overactive bladder. Oxybutynin is also available for this indication as oral tablets, an oral syrup and a transdermal patch.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • May 04, 2009 (Issue 1311)
The FDA has approved the marketing of fesoterodine (Toviaz - Pfizer), a muscarinic receptor antagonist, for treatment of overactive bladder. It is the sixth antimuscarinic drug approved for this indication.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Jan 12, 2009 (Issue 1303)
Silodosin (Rapaflo - Watson Pharmaceuticals), an alpha1a-adrenoreceptor selective antagonist, has been approved by the FDA for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Some medications for BPH are listed in the table on page 4. Alpha1 blockers are commonly used with 5a-reductase inhibitors such as finasteride, which can shrink the size of the prostate, but may take months to do so.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Oct 06, 2008 (Issue 1296)
The FDA has approved the use of the 5α-reductase inhibitor dutasteride (Avodart - GlaxoSmithKline) together with the alpha1-blocker tamsulosin (Flomax - Boehringer Ingelheim) for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Use of an alpha1-blocker with a 5α-reductase inhibitor has been a common practice for years, but FDA approval of a particular combination permits the manufacturers to add an indication for it in both package inserts, recommend dosage for combination use, and advertise the benefits of using the 2 drugs together.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Apr 07, 2008 (Issue 1283)
The phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor tadalafil (Cialis - Lilly) is now being promoted for once daily treatment of erectile dysfunction. Tadalafil differs from sildenafil (Viagra) and vardenafil (Levitra), the other PDE5 inhibitors marketed for erectile dysfunction in the US, in having a much longer duration of action.